Artocarpus elasticus (Terap) Seeds
Artocarpus elasticus (Terap) Seeds
Artocarpus elasticus (Terap) Seeds
Artocarpus elasticus (Terap) Seeds
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Artocarpus elasticus (Terap) Seeds

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$4.00
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All photos and information have been taken from https://www.nparks.gov.sg/ until we can get our own photos.

Growth Form
Artocarpus elasticus is a tree that can grow up to 45 m tall, 90 cm trunk diameter, with buttresses up to 3 m tall. Bark is greyish brown, range from smooth to slightly scaly. Tree produces white sap when wounded.

Foliage
Leaves are spirally arranged, and simple with rough hairs on both upper and lower surfaces. The leaves are dimorphic, where young plant has deeply lobed leaves and adult tree has elliptical to oblong entire leaves, about 15 – 60 cm long and 10 – 35 cm wide. Lateral venation is prominent on the underside of the leaves and petiole is 4 – 10 cm long. Stipule (6 – 20 cm long) is densely covered with yellowish or reddish brown hairs and wraps almost entirely around the stem (amplexicaul), leaving circular stipule scar when dropped.

Flowers
Inflorescences (about 4 – 7.5 cm long) occurs solitary and axillary. Male and female flowers occurs on different individuals. Male flowers have 0.9 mm long stamens and oblong anthers while female flowers have simple or bifid styles which protrude out.

Fruits
Fruit is cylindrical (up to 12 cm long and 6 cm wide), with soft recurved spines. Fruit is cream yellow and ripen brownish with a rancid smell. Seeds are covered in white succulent flesh.

Cultivation
Grows in full sun. Able to grow in a range of soil from sandy to clay loam. Propagation by seeds.

Etymology
The genus epithet Artocarpus comes from the Greek words 'artos', meaning bread and 'karpos', meaning fruit. The species epithet elasticus, in latin, meaning elastic, with reference to its latex.

Ethnobotanical Uses
Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits, Edible Seeds)
Food (Fruit & Vegetable : The white fleshy fruiting perianth is edible. Seeds can also be eaten after roasting. )
Timber & Products ( The terap timber is also used mainly for light construction. The bark is used by the aborigines in Sarawak to make ropes and cloths. The latex is used for making bird glue for trapping. )
Cultural / Religious ( Heritage Tree : There are 4 individuals of Artocarpus elasticus listed as Heritage Trees in Singapore. All of which can be found in Fort Canning Park. To find out more about this tree, please visit the Heritage Tree Register.)